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Honoring Thor on Thursday

Happy Thor’s Day! I love this God, Son of Odin, Mighty Warder of Midgard, Husband of Sif, Father of Thruðr, Magni, and Modi. He has been a very strong presence in my own devotion of late, and we call upon Him in our rites to protect our space before the beginning of every ritual and divination session. I never used to have any particular connection to Him or to Sif, but that’s all changed the past few years and I am so grateful for that. 

So, it is a joy today, on Thor’s Day, to honor Him. I’m finding that every chance I have to give honor, offerings, and adoration to my Gods is a privilege for which I am so immensely grateful. 

Here is a prayer for today for Thor:

(written by me)

Today, I want to call You by Your English Name: 
Thunor, God of Thunder, Mighty Hammer Wielder, 
Friend of Humanity, and Protector of all the worlds. 
You protect our sacred places, our groves and sanctuaries 
and most of all the shrines and holy spaces of our hearts 
that we may lay ourselves down before our Gods 
in adoration, in love, in deepest gratitude without fear, 
without hesitation knowing that You, 
Great-Hearted Husband of Sif, 
Generous beyond measure, 
will always guard our comings and goings. 
You are a loving Father to three joyful children 
and just as You would no more allow Them to come to harm, 
so we too may rest securely in Your watchful care. 

Oh God of the oak, God of holy places, 
God of the mound, I shall never for sake You. 
Please, I pray, watch over my ancestors, 
those of blood and those of spirit. 
Grant that our dead may rest in peace, 
strengthened by Your care, 
the vitality only You, son of Odin bring. 

That is my prayer for today. 
I am so grateful for the chance to honor You, 
so grateful for the chance to pay You homage. 
Hail Thunor, Thor, Thunder-riding God of Asgard. 


Image by G. Palmer

Happy Thor’s Day, folks!

Wednesday for Woden

It goes without saying that I have something like seven household shrines to this God Who owns such a large part of my heart. I keep meaning to write meditations on each of His heiti or epithets, but while much meditation has happened, it hasn’t yet translated itself into my writing. Don’t worry though – several of you have emailed about this – I have a whole new year to work and eventually I’ll write some of it down here! In the meantime, Here is one of my favorite prayers from the small novena book The Ecstasy and the Fury. It’s the prayer for day three. Odin’s name – better spelled Oðinn in Old Norse (I probably left off an accent somewhere), literally means “THE Frenzied One” (or “The Furious One” – I’ve seen it translated both ways) and that Frenzy could be battle hunger, or the seething trance of a shaman, the ecstatic oracular state of a seer, or the frenzied inspiration of a poet. What of that He chooses to share with His devotees is beyond the power of words to capture. But, through poetry and devotion, I do try. 

For Odin

For Odin, He Who is Frenzy 
The raven has hooked his claws in my heart 
tethering me to the interstitial frenzy 
pouring out from gallows to God. 
Let us praise the furious One,
Who rendered Himself upon the Tree 
gore-blessed, ever-hungry,
victorious over Himself first of all.
Let us praise Gangleri,
Who wanders through
all the darkest corners
of our world,
spitting mouthfuls of glacial fire
into the heads and hearts
of fervent women.
Let us praise the One Whose spear
keen and sharp, ever finds its mark, 
Gerölnir, blistering across the field of battle 
ever ecstatic in His fury.
Let us praise the Burden of Yggdrasil, 
Corpse-God and eunuch, ever renewed 
through the agony of sacrifice.
He mounted the Tree 
and with a war cry like shrieking thunder 
swallowed the glory of the Gap – 
gasping, gripping, spewing runes, this sovereign Power.
Let us praise the Roaring Thruster, charmed and charming, 
Who scatters His seed inciting longing, 
carnal and cunning, clever and cruel, 
exquisitely adroit across all the worlds, 
Glory burning.
Let us praise this God in Whom
all opposites reside, compelling adoration, 
devouring opposition, like grist in His teeth, 
ground up and grinding, bale-eyed Beguiler, 
Who gnawed on fire, this Architect of Being,
throbbing, pounding, aching, wanting, 
implacable Force, unsparing Fever, 
unappeasable haunting Hunger,
to Whom Being itself surrendered
torn apart and structured anew.
Oh Glad of War, Galdr-Father,
Glad of Battle, God of Gain,
Blinder of Foes, sharp Wand-Wielder,
Gaunt God Splendor, World-willing Wonder, 
Incanting Hjarrandi, Herjan, Goðjaðarr,
Lord of Hosts and Valhalla’s hall,
Blazing Ravager, Renewing Ruler,
howling winds herald Your terror.
Odin we call You, vehement and lethal, 
vigorous valor, we hail You always. 
We ask that You fill us with Your thirst for knowing, 
so that our lives will ever be full of color. 
Hail to You, oh Frenzied Hunger.
Hail to You, Odin. 

(from The Ecstasy and the Fury: 9 Nights with Odin – a Novena, by Galina Krasskova, Sanngetall Press, 2020). 

“Odin” prayer card by W. McMillan

(from The Ecstasy and the Fury: 9 Nights with Odin – a Novenaby Galina Krasskova, Sanngetall Press, 2020). 

I’ve also written a compilation of all of my work on Odin up to the time of its publication (it does not include the novena work) that includes the full text of Whisperings of Woden, and the English text of Walking Toward Yggdrasil.

Of course on Woden’s day, I’ll be making offerings to Him but I’d also like to offer a rune pull for anyone interested- one rune, no questions.  Just shoot me an email at Krasskova at gmail.com by 9pm EST tonight. You can support my work at the Buymeacoffee link below if you are so moved. 

Have a happy Wednesday, folks. I’m still waiting for cold weather…this damp, chilly crap is killing my joints. When in my head, I think I’m 20, my body quickly reminds me that No, oh NO, I very much am not. I hope those of my readers who like me have chronic pain issues are doing well. Pain flares are terrible things, but they do not last forever no matter what it seems at the time. As an Odin’s woman, I learned to dedicate the pain to Him, to elevate it and give it purpose – may He feed on it and be nourished, or transmute it into something useful in His work of sustaining creation. It helps me to bear it, so I pass this on. Not every God may want such an offering (I’m not sure if Odin *wants* it so much as sometimes graciously accepts it from me) but if it clicks, if a God accepts it, it does make it easier to carry. Regardless, I wish you well and I wish all my readers health in this new year. 

Here’s the link to Buymeacoffee. I like coffee, and tea too and this is a lovely site that allows readers to participate in the work of those writers, artists, et al. whom they follow. It is very much appreciated and I thank all of you who have contributed to my work either at this site, or via PayPal, or by your prayers to the Gods on behalf of my house — particularly when my husband was sick. THANK YOU. You do matter and I firmly believe you are seen in the eyes of your Gods. May They ever hold you kindly in favor.

Tuesday: Honoring Tyr and Our Military Dead

Thank you to everyone who sent me prayers to put on Mani’s shrine. I made offerings to Him last night and printed or hand wrote (depending on what each person requested) your prayers and they are tucked carefully behind a large hourglass on His shrine. I will offer this every Monday for Him and I’ll post reminders throughout the year. 

Today is Tyr’s Day. Tyr is a God of valor and justice, honor, and is strongly associated with the sword. His most sacred mystery involves the binding of Loki’s son Fenrir, the great Wolf. In essence, Tyr broke His word to protect His people, which is a powerful mystery: the sacrifice of honor by a God of honor and one that I will leave to Tyr’s people to discuss. 

We actually don’t know very much about Tyr other than this story about Him and Fenris. One mythographer Jakob Grimm suggested that Tyr is the husband of the Goddess Zisa (1). We also don’t know very much about Her, but I find this very intriguing. It’s one of the things that I want to research when I have more time. She does have some cultus amongst modern Heathens. 

The surviving sources are even unclear about Tyr’s parentage but that isn’t surprising. We see this sometimes with the Gods. If you look at the cultus of Dionysos, for instance, while the majority of sources give His mother as Semele, others list various Powers including Kore. It depends on region. More importantly, it depends on how the God Him or Herself wishes to be entwined into the stories and cosmic architecture of a region and for a people. I think this is, in part, a way the Gods created connections with the land and the people of a particular place. I also think it’s a powerful, powerful mystery. Is Semele Dionysos’ mother? Yep. Are the others? Yep. Is Odin Tyr’s Father? Yep. Is Hymir? Yep (2). This ability of the Gods to birth and rebirth Themselves, to embed Themselves in the sacred stories of scores of different people, to create new connections and relationships is something that opens up the road to devotion to our individual Gods in a thousand different ways and if there are places where the edges don’t meet, where the stories conflict, where they disagree then that is a good thing. It is an interstice of life and vitality where we can learn to venerate Them in new ways.  

Now, one of the ways that I’ve been able to connect to Tyr is through the rune Tiewaz, which is the warrior’s rune, and which is inextricably connected to Tyr. It speaks of a warrior’s obligation to protect his or her people, of responsibility, of strength, courage – the courage to stand in the face of evil. That opens up a pathway for me to honor Tyr, as one Who goes into the darkest places, who stands alone on the border of the Godly worlds and protects, fighting against that which would bring corruption and wickedness, warding against that which would attack the structure of creation…and bearing the terrible price of doing so. 

I also connect to Him through honoring the military dead. My first introduction to Tyr –and this has really stuck and colored every other interaction—was as a God of warriors and soldiers (3). Today, on the first Tyr’s Day of the New Year, this is how I chose to honor Him: by honoring the military dead, especially those Ukrainian soldiers who have fallen fighting for the independence and freedom of their country. 

I keep a special section of my ancestor shrine (which fills nearly an entire room – I gave over my dining room to it years ago) specifically for the military dead. I’ve felt called to honor them as a group for the better part of twenty years now (along with a couple of other groups). Today, I plan on cleaning and re-ordering their shrine – as with Mani’s shrine, even though I dust it and refresh offerings regularly, this shrine needs a good top to bottom cleaning at least once a year. I make offerings to the military dead as a whole, and also to those in my immediate family, most especially my father John Dabravalskas (1917-2006) who fought in WWII and Korea and remained career military; my maternal grandfather Roland Hanna (1903-1991), my first cousin twice removed S. Wesley Heffner who died in WWI (1898-1918).

I invite you all to share your own stories of your beloved military dead in the comments section if you like. Today is a good day to remember them, honor them, and maybe pour out an offering. Regardless, may our military dead be hailed, and may Tyr ever be honored. Happy Tuesday, folks, from your occasional insomniac vitki. 

(image “Tyr” prayer card, image by G. Palmer)

Notes:

  1. Many other scholars, including Rudolf Simek, reject the idea of the Goddess Zisa based on insufficient historical evidence. 
  2. See the Skaldskaparmal and Hymiskviða respectively. 
  3. As I write this, I suddenly find myself thinking strongly on the Goddess Athena, Who is also a God of soldiers, but then also of strategy, wisdom, weaving, textile arts, craft…and in some cases prophecy. Our Gods can be so many things to so many people, and have facets we cannot even imagine. I wonder often about our tendency to categorize the Gods as we do. I think it is excessively reductive. Gods are *Gods* and while we may like to restrict Them to neat categories, the reality is very different. Still, such reduction does help us to conceptualize how to begin devotion so maybe there is an upside. I wrestle with this all the time. 

Bookversary: Modern Guide to Heathenry!

Modern_Guide_to_heathenry_Layers
Today is the anniversary of A Modern Guide to Heathenry: Lore, Celebrations & Mysteries of the Northern Tradition, first released on December 1, 2019 from my publisher Red Wheel / Weiser Books.

The book takes what I created in Exploring the Northern Tradition: A Guide to the Gods, Lore, Rites, and Celebrations from the Norse, German, and Anglo-Saxon Traditions (2005) as a foundation and significantly expanded upon it with more than 70,000 words of new material especially on devotional work, honoring the ancestors, and theological exegesis. It’s basically twice the word heft of its predecessor!

What the Back Copy Says:

An accessible yet in-depth guide to this increasingly popular pre-Christian religious tradition of Northern Europe

Heathenry, is one of the fastest growing polytheistic religious movements in the United States today. This book explores the cosmology, values, ethics, and rituals practiced by modern heathens.

In A Modern Guide to Heathenry readers will have the opportunity to explore the sacred stories of the various heathen gods like Odin, Frigga, Freya, and Thor and will be granted a look into the devotional practices of modern votaries. Blóts, the most common devotional rites, are examined in rich detail with examples given for personal use. Additionally, readers are introduced to the concept of wyrd, or fate, so integral to the heathen worldview.

Unlike many books on heathenry, this one is not denomination-specific, nor does it seek to overwhelm the reader with unfamiliar Anglo-Saxon or Norse terminology. For Pagans who wish to learn more about the Norse deities or those who are new to heathenry or who are simply interested in learning about this unique religion, A Modern Guide to Heathenry is the perfect introduction. Those who wish to deepen their own devotional practice will find this book helpful in their own work as well.

US, CANADA & UK ORDER LINKS

The First Week of Sunwait Approaches

I looked at my liturgical calendar today and to my shock, realized that the first week of Sunwait is … next week. It seems like it is so incredibly early this year, but there it is. What strikes me is that for those of us who celebrate it on Fridays, it falls on Veteran’s Day (Remembrance Day). For many Heathens this is also a feast day for Odin. That’s a hell of a confluence of powers. 

I personally plan to approach this with several days of prayer and ritual purifications, starting on November 7. Then this is what we typically do: 

  • Cleanse and ward the space, the latter with fire. 
  • Call upon Thor to protect and Heimdallr to hallow the space. (I always personally contemplate what Sunna’s relationship with Them is like, and how these specific Powers interact, and what that means for sustaining and restoring the order of the worlds). 
  • Offer a prayer to Sunna. 
  • Light the first week’s candle. 
  • Galdr that week’s rune (for week 1, it’s fehu).
  • Attendees make any personal prayers to Sunna
  • Pass the horn making prayers as in a regular faining. 
  • Close with Sigdrifa’s Prayer and thanks given to the Powers. 

We also usually incorporate a fair amount of drumming and ecstatic work after or sometimes during the galdr and offerings are poured out to the Powers, including the runes, throughout. 

This year, before we open up the rite for personal prayers, we’ll be making copious offerings to the military dead and also a prayer to Odin as it is also His feastday. 

It still seems very odd to me that Sunwait is beginning so quickly after our Winternights. May the weather be cold, the mornings filled with frost, and may Sunna’s blessings welcome us into Yule. 

Bookversaries!

Affiliate Advertising Disclosure

I’ve been distracted by the start of the new school semester, and as a result I missed a few bookversaries in the last few days.

  • September 6: By Scalpel and Blood, Herb and Healing Hands: A Novena to the Goddess Eir
  • September 9: In Praise of Hermes
  • September 10: Heart on Fire: A Novena for Loki
  • September 10: Numinous Places

Which ones have you read? What was your favorite part?

“In Praise of Hermes” is a novena booklet to the Greek God Hermes. It provides an introduction about this God and nine days of prayers in His honor.

Available on Amazon.

“By Scalpel and Herb, Blood and Healing Hands” is a novena booklet to Eir, a Norse Goddess of Healing. It provides an introduction about this Goddess and nine days of prayers in Her honor.

Available on Amazon.

The God of fire, water, and everything in between. The God Who refuses to stay silent. The Trickster without Whom the lore would be far more boring. The Power Who challenges everyone, even the other Gods Themselves. Nine days of special devotion for Loki, including ritual suggestions, original prayers, a list of His sacred names, dedicated divination systems, and more.

Available on Amazon.

Numinous Places is a visual record of those places in which, over the past few years, my heart has unfolded. It’s a journey of how I learned to root myself and find joy in the world. It’s how I fell in love with places and their stories and learned to accept the spiritual nourishment such stories bring. It’s how I learned to reverence the spirits of places, animist that I am, and how I came to recognize their sustaining power.

Available on Amazon

Bookversary – Root, Stone and Bone–Honoring Andvari and the Vaettir of Money

Affiliate Advertising Disclosure

It’s been 14 years since this book, I co-wrote with my adopted mother Fuensanta Arismendi, first released.

Andvari is one of the Duergar, the Dwarves of ancient Germanic cosmology, and a little-known figure in modern Northern Tradition devotional practice. Yet there are a small number of people who have experienced Him as a God of great wisdom, particularly concerning right relationships, right ownership, mindful consumption and proper utilization of resources and finances. In our age of rampant consumerism, where spirituality has become yet another commodity to buy and sell, Andvari’s lessons are needed more than ever. This devotional, the first to honor Him, explores His nature, the ways in which He may be honored, and powerful lessons for developing a honorable relationship with the spirit of money.

Don’t have a copy yet? Get it from amazon, or through bookshop which supports independent booksellers.

Book Review: Asatru: A Beginner’s Guide to the Heathen Path by Erin Lale

Asatru: A Beginner’s Guide to the Heathen Path by Erin Lale, Weiser Books, 2020.

[Disclaimer: the author requested that I review this book and very kindly sent me a hard copy thereof. Also, while I am Heathen, I would not consider myself Asatru, though most of us got our start in that denomination and it remains one of the largest in the US. *whew* Disclaimers over, let’s get down to business!]

Before even opening the book, my impression is of a portable, easily accessible book geared for those new to Heathenry, and perhaps even completely unfamiliar with what this religion is all about. I do tend to dislike (intensely) the term “Path” for a religious tradition or denomination, but – and please note this, dear readers—authors rarely if ever get to choose the titles of their books when working with larger publishing houses. The title likewise has the advantage in this case of making the book seem accessible to folks from all different traditions, even those who don’t want to become Heathen but just want to learn a little about it.  Now, aesthetics aside, let’s delve into the content. 

The book is comprised of a brief introduction, and seven chapters concluding with a short list of (somewhat dated) resources for those who would learn more. There was good, there was bad (or at least somewhat problematic) but there was nothing really ugly. I can recommend this book as a relatively painless and very approachable introduction to a heavily universalist flavored American Asatru (1). I think the author has a definite skill at distilling complicated ideas into very simple, yet thought-provoking equations and this works very well in a beginner’s guide. There’s enough to whet the reader’s appetite and provide the important facts—though it should be noted, many historical claims are made with absolutely no citation (there are no foot or end notes in the text at all)– but also just enough to encourage further exploration and study. Moreover, throughout, Lale makes room – or attempts to do so and for the most part succeeds– for other denominations, flavors, and approaches to both Heathenry as a whole and Asatru in general. 

There are numerous historical … not outright inaccuracies, but a smoothing over of the complications and nuance, starting right in the introduction with the etymology of “Heathen.”  In some case (as with her discussion of transgender issues and ergi) historical reality is stretched to the breaking point to present Heathenry as a completely inclusive tradition. There is simply no substantial evidence that individuals whom we would today term transgender were socially “well accepted” outside of specific religious roles (and sometimes not even then). That doesn’t mean that Heathenry today can’t re-evaluate this, but the culture of the Viking era was different from our own. It does no good to occlude history to make modern Heathenry seem more welcoming to various groups than it, in reality, is. It’s just wrong and potentially misleading historically. This is one of the areas where I found the contemporary political world seeping into the book- in a very well-meaning way. Overall, however, the author consciously works hard for objectivity.  I will say she does a very good job distinguishing between examples of ritual transvestitism in the lore versus what today we’d call transgenderism. 

She rightly notes very early on that there are other Heathen religions than Asatru – I would clarify this by saying “denominations” rather than religions, because they are largely dealing with the same pantheon and families of the Gods, though each denomination might choose to emphasize different deities within those divine families. I was pleasantly surprised to see Urglaawe, a Pennsylvania Deitsch Heathen tradition mentioned. Lale also notes that Heathenry is related to Celtic polytheisms, Druidry, and even Slavic polytheisms – and this is true, because people travelled and shared their faith, intermarried, traded, etc. It’s something that I don’t think we pay enough attention to in general: our ancestors communicated, traveled, traded, shared their ways, and interacted with the communities around them, especially in matters of religion. Her definition of Asatru as a new religion (restored/reconstructed rather than existing in an unbroken line from pre-Christian times) and a folk religion (no centralized authority) is likewise a very important point, and she foregrounds her information in a way both clear and simple. She is very gentle in emphasizing that Asatru and Heathenry in general are not connected to Wicca and also that “Pagan” is not a term appreciated by all Heathen practitioners. Every religion has its internal politics and Lale does a very good job of giving the bare bones information necessary for newcomers without overwhelming them. 

One thing I would note, and it is here that I disagree with Lale strongly. She makes space in her definition of Asatru for those who aren’t polytheist and who don’t believe in the Gods. I don’t consider these people Heathen in any sense of the word, nor welcome in our communities. Sadly, she had no choice but to note that there are plenty of Asatruar who see the Gods as personifications of nature, some who see Them as archetypes, and some who are even essentially monotheist or atheist. It’s the unfortunate reality of our Heathen world today. I look at her very careful description (which is accurate for how the community is; in fact, I think she is far more optimistic in her description than I might be) as an encouragement to do better within our various communities. Where we differ is that she notes on p. xxi that “you can regard the gods as archetypes if you choose, as long as you act honorably.” I would say sure, but if that’s your view of the Gods, you’re not Heathen or a practitioner of Asatru. This is a hard line in the community and the intro alone and Lale’s willingness to include these people in the Heathen umbrella marks this book as decidedly universalist. (I would add that it’s the mark of a good clergy person to help educate newcomers out of these misguided ideas, but clergy and spiritual direction are not mentioned in the intro nor indeed very much in the book at all, but one must keep in mind that it is an introduction, a place for a newcomer to begin). 

She notes that we honor land spirits (vaettir) as well as Gods but does not note anything of significance on ancestor veneration. This is a serious lacuna; however, I was very glad to see that she addressed the question very early on (p. xiii) about race and whiteness in Asatru. She very clearly states that one does not have to be white to practice Heathenry and this is absolutely 110% true. She also gives a very balanced and unbiased definition of “universalist” versus “Folkish” and includes “tribalist” as a midway point between the two. This was very well done and yet articulated simply enough that someone completely unfamiliar with our traditions could pick up the book and understand the major denominational divisions right there. 

I was also very pleased and surprised to find an acceptance of blended traditions. This is good and something that you just wouldn’t have seen openly accepted even twenty years ago. Yet, it’s precisely how traditional polytheisms worked. She even notes that while Asatru is not an initiatory tradition, there are initiatory traditions within Heathenry. She attempts to briefly address the question of theodicy (why does evil happen) in the intro. This is a turn toward one of the most important questions in theology (I don’t think I can call to mind a question within the discipline of theology upon which more ink has been spilt) and I think the paragraph she devotes to this represents a step forward in Heathenry as a whole. The communities are slowly starting to orient themselves toward asking theological questions and this is a huge step forward, well reflected, if in brief, in Lale’s introduction. I would also note that this is a perfect book for young people who may have become Heathen to give to their parents, to (as Lale notes at the end of her intro) begin the discussion on what their religion is about. 

Chapter 1 gives a brief recounting of our creation story and ties that into Indo-European themes and structures, noting commonalities with other IE traditions. She discusses Roman interaction with the Germanic tribes, the interpretatio romana, the gothic conquest of Rome and the sad conversion of Europe to Christianity. As an historical theologian specializing in early Christianity, I had to chuckle at her rather positive presentation of the Arian Heresy on p.5 (2). Lale likewise accurately notes that during the 1930s, Heathens were rounded up and killed as “politicals,” and compares the Nazi response to Heathenry as an “SS driven witch hunt”.  (I’ve written about this as well in my book here, which came out of my first MA thesis in 2009 and I’ve only very rarely seen other Heathen authors mention that Heathens were persecuted during the third Reich). It was refreshing to see this included as a point of fact. I think it is of utmost importance to emphasize, as Lale does quite well, that Hitler was NOT Heathen. He was Christian and while he might appropriate the trappings of Heathenry like the runes, he had no use for actual practitioners and sent them off to the camps without hesitation. Lale also gives a nice account of the fight American Heathens had with the US military, which used to forbid Heathen religious tattoos, the wearing of our most universal symbol of our religion (Thor’s hammer), or having our religion noted on dog tags and gravestones. She also has very interesting things to say about the potential Nazi origins of the movement against Loki in modern Heathenry, describing it as a modern iteration of the ideas of SS. General Karl von Wiligut – who considered Odin satanic and spurred the SS hunt for Heathens (p. 9, 14). She says that modern “NOkeans” are just putting Loki in place of Odin in Wiligut’s equation and makes a good case for this too. All in all, the intro, while there may be some ideas with which I disagree, is a very nice, approachable description of the evolution of modern Heathenry. It gives just enough detail to educate without overwhelming the newcomer. 

Chapter two gives an alphabetical index of the Gods and Goddesses, including lesser-known ones like the Frisian battle goddess Baduhenna, and the Alcis twins. I was particularly pleased to see Narvi and Vali, the children of Loki and Sigyn included, and Sigyn Herself.  They are often excluded from God lists in many modern books. I did not appreciate later in the book, Nerthus and Njord being equated as one Deity, but this is an early academic theory that unfortunately has found its way into certain corners of our traditions.

Chapter three discusses the other Beings honored within Heathenry, like Disir, our mighty female ancestors. This is where I fault the book heavily. There is no serious discussion about the importance of ancestor veneration to Heathenry, and it is crucially important in nearly every extant polytheism, certainly every branch of Heathenry. This is a significant flaw. As far as Heathenry goes, we have more information about ancestor veneration and the veneration of landvaettir than we do the Gods in many cases, so for those who are going solely by historical reconstruction (which, despite Lale’s more inclusive and modernist take, the majority of Asatruar still are) that needs to be included. More than any other criticism of this book, this is the one thing that is seriously lacking and needs to be considered when or if recommending it. 

Chapter four: “beliefs and morality” is likewise somewhat problematic. The whole question of morality is so much more complicated and nuanced than the author presents. She does do a good job of pointing out (p.51) that the mythologies are about religious mysteries, ways to draw closer to the Gods rather than literal renditions of how the world began. This is so incredibly important and I’m glad she included this point. It is the beginning of reading theologically, something that is still difficult for our communities to fully embrace. What she terms “relative morality” however (p. 58) I think would be better termed “tribal morality.” Our heathen ancestors drew their morality from their cultures and societies. Lale is correct that a moral good was something that benefited society as a whole but again, the question of how one gets from point A to point B is more complicated and there’s no intensive theological exploration to bridge the gap (granted, this is a very brief beginner’s guide, so perhaps this can be forgiven). Instead, she explores modern political issues: abortion, animal rights, capital punishment, circumcision, LBGTQIA issues (though she uses the term QUILTBAG people for LGBTQIA folks, which I find quite charming), marriage/love/sex, gun rights and so forth, giving a couple of paragraphs offering suggestions for how pre-Christian Heathen societies might have viewed these things while always noting that modern Heathens are free religiously to develop their own position. The problem here is A) the very issues she includes give this work a political slant and were there an equal amount of material on the ins and outs of devotion that might not matter, but as the book stands, I think it does a disservice; B) it would have been a stronger work had the question of how one develops a moral framework been addressed without tying it to specific issues (even though I may agree with many of her positions on these issues!), C) historical claims are made without citations and as someone trained in both medieval history and historical theology, many of those claims are…stretching it at best, and at least in the marriage section and the LGBTQ section, flat out incorrect at worst (3). I understand that the author is trying to show that heathenry can be and is for the most part inclusive, but without a way to track and thus verify her historical information, it’s impossible for the average reader to figure out where she’s stretching historical reality to make a point about inclusive Heathenry today. Also, in the section on animal rights, Lale writes as though animal sacrifice is a thing of the past. Many contemporary Heathen and Asatru groups consider this the highest sacrament of our traditions. There are those trained as blót priests today and it is in no way a ritual relegated to the past, though many groups do not have anyone properly trained, or choose not to incorporate it into their rites. 

The final chapters are rituals, holiday calendar, and the three kinds of magic. I think a section on devotion, building and maintaining a personal shrine, and ancestor veneration would have been far more useful than simple scripted ritual scaffoldings. It’s a big lacuna in the book: how to do devotion. There’s nothing substantial about how to start personal devotion. As to magic, not only are there more than three kinds of magic in the northern traditions, but why include it in a beginner’s book, especially one that ignores ancestor work and devotional practice? It doesn’t really need to be included in a beginner’s book at all. No newcomer needs to muck around with magic, runes, seiðr, and the like, all of which are specialist foci, before he or she even knows the names of the Gods. A section on prayer would have been far more helpful, since so many people today have no idea how to do that (something I found shocking but true in my teaching). The section on holidays was somewhat interesting in that it discussed movable versus fixed feast days, and gave a rather nice listing of the latter, noting the geographical areas in which each rite originated. 

Now, it may sound as though I didn’t like the book. That’s not the case. It’s a very clear introduction but, there are lacuna and those need to be mentioned because while this might be the book I’d give someone who knew nothing about Heathenry, or to make Heathenry seem approachable and safe to parents, spouses, etc. when one converts, actual day to day, long-term practice is going to require more. It reminds me a bit -in tone and accessibility– of Cunningham’s The Truth about Witchcraft Today.

I recommend it, but with the above caveats. 

Notes: 

  1. I don’t say this as a negative or positive, simply as an observation because in all fairness, I have to note that the Asatru this book presents bears little resemblance to the Asatru I first encountered in the nineties when I converted. Lale purposely presents the most positive and inclusive version of this community possible and stretches perhaps its openness particularly in areas of gender roles, extra-marital promiscuity, and transgender issues far out of what any average Heathen group would consider the norm.   I get it. In some respects, we write the community we want into existence, shifting the ideological center as we go.  
  2. Lale writes about the Goths “They believed in what the Catholic Church called the Arian Heresy, which, like the paganism of their ancestors, said there was no intercessor between man and God.” I should note that the split between Orthodox and Catholic churches did not happen until the eleventh century (though we can see the beginnings of the rift as far back as the 325 C.E. Council of Nicaea, and definitely with the 451 C.E. Council of Chalcedon).  The use of “Catholic” to refer to the Church here may be read as ‘universal’, not Roman Catholic unless it was an unintentional anachronism. With respect to the Arian Heresy, Arians denied in large part the divinity of Christ, which had significant repercussion to any incarnational theology and thus to the Christian salvific economy. For an Arian, there was a time when Christ did not exist. He was created by God the Father. For a catholic Christian who held to Nicaean orthodoxy, there was never a time where Christ did not exist. He was co-eternal and con-substantial with God the Father. Arianism was actually one of the factors in the 1054 split between the churches of Constantinople and Rome due to the Latin insertion of one small word to the Creed to emphasize trinitarianism: filioque (and from the son) referring to the processing of the Holy Spirit. Arianism had nothing to do with God and man and any intercessor. It had everything to do with pondering the question of how a God could suffer and die without impacting the ultimate omnipotence (a given even for early Christians) of their Father God.
  3. I have never encountered so much focus on hair and beards in Heathenry as in this book. There is no religious mandate in Heathenry *at all* to have long hair for women or beards for men. Historically, as Lale does discuss, short hair had certain social meanings within certain tribes at certain historical points but at no time in the modern community (save perhaps Theodism) have I see any expectation at the level of religious obligation to have a beard or long hair, certainly nothing approaching that of Sikhism to which Lale compares Asatru. I do appreciate that she notes that this is not common to all denominations, but she equates not holding to this hair/beard aesthetic as something only done by modernist Heathens, and that’s just not accurate to contemporary Heathenry of which Asatru is a part.  I should also note that she says clergy devoted to the healing Goddess Eir are necessarily pacifists. No, they are not. There is nothing in the lore to indicate that; in fact, quite the opposite given that there is a reference in the Eddas to Eir riding with the Valkyries and choosing the slain. Now Eir’s name means “mercy,” but death can be a powerful mercy on the battlefield. 

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Bookversary: He is Frenzy

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Today is the 9 year anniversary of the publication of my devotional book to Odin, He is Frenzy.

He is Frenzy collects all of the essays and poetry that Northern Tradition author Galina Krasskova has written to honor the God Odin since 1995. Providing a survey of His ancient and modern cultus, it is also a deeply personal exploration of devotion, ordeal work and what it takes to walk the Odinic path.” This includes my work also previously published in Whisperings of Woden, and Walking Toward Yggdrasil.

You can grab your copy at amazon, or support independent booksellers through bookshop.

Bookversary: Sigyn Our Lady of the Staying Power

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Today is the bookversary for a devotional near and dear to me, Sigyn: Our Lady of the Staying Power. Here we are, thirteen years later and my devotions have only deepened to Sigyn.

“Sigyn, the Norse goddess of constancy and compassion, is the second wife of the Trickster God Loki. She gathers broken things, and people, to her breast to heal. In this book, Galina Krasskova reveals the beauty of this little-known Goddess whose name means Victory Woman. With prayers, poetry, personal and group rituals, this is a manual for all those who would offer to devotion to this gentlest of divine figures.”

Please note the material in this book, plus additional content can be found in the devotional Consuming Flame, dedicated to Loki, Sigyn, Angurboda and their children. You can find Consuming Flame at amazon or at bookshop, which supports independent booksellers.

If you’d prefer the stand alone edition you can pick up Sigyn: Our Lady of the Staying Power at amazon.